Map of Greece
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Greece Map, Showing Major Cities and Islands
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Geography of GreeceAlmost a fifth of Greece is made up of islands. Most of these islands are east of the main peninsula in the Aegean Sea, but some are also located in the Ionian Sea to the west. Amazingly, only about 10 percent of these thousands of islands are inhabited! Much of Greece's land is used for grazing and farmland. Poultry, sheep, and cattle, as well as pigs and goats, are commonly raised in Greece; popular crops include barley, wine grapes, dried fruits, and olives plus potatoes, sugar beets, and wheat.
Greece's ClimateIf you enjoy visiting places where the sun shines, then the east coast of Greece is almost a sure bet. The area enjoys more than 2,700 hours of sunshine per year, and receives about half the rainfall of Greece's western region. Greece's mountain climate is colder and harsher, and the higher slopes get some snow in winter. Greece's low-lying areas are known for their hot, dry summers and mild, moist winters.
Leading Greek CitiesThe city of Athens, with its historic archaeological ruins, is known for its parks, urban gardens, outdoor cafes, and pedestrian streets. Located on the Saronic Gulf, Athens was the cultural and artistic center of ancient Greece, and remains one of the country's most popular hubs. Often visited attractions in Athens include the Parthenon, the Erechtheum, and the Theatre of Dionysus. Unfortunately, overcrowding in the city, as well as pollution, are damaging some of these historical sites. In addition, many tourists to Greece prefer to visit less populated areas that show more of traditional Greek life and culture.
Thessaloniki, Greece's second largest city, is a cultural treasure house featuring impressive monuments from the Roman and Byzantine periods. Archaeological remnants from the ancient Greek civilization may also be found in Greek cities such as Sparta, Corinth, and Olympia.
Greece Travel Information
The famous Mount Olympus of Greek mythology is Greece's highest point, rising to 9,570 feet (2,917 meters). The Greek Archipelago includes thousands of islands and islets spread out in the Ionian and Aegean Seas. Most spectacular is Santorini, with its black sand beaches and impressive lava-layered cliffs, which rise from the beautiful blue sea.
Greek TourismGreece is a magnet to tourists because of its breathtaking scenery and beautiful climate, as well as its rich cultural history. For more information about visiting Greece, visit the Greek Culture website and the Greek National Tourism Organisation (GNTO) website, a travel guide published by the Ministry of Tourism.
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